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Christ of the Wrathul Eye

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Christ of the Wrathul Eye

Made by: Unknown

Currently in storage

About this object

At first glance, this icon's fine painting and delicate metalwork would mark it as a well-preserved work from the 1600s, but in all likelihood it was painted in one of the training workshops established in Palekh, Mstera, and Kholui in the late 1800s. Boys were taught basic drawings and required to make exact copies of approved Byzantine and early Russian prototypes, such as this imposing image.

The icon represents the bust-length image of Christ Pantocrator. His face is characterized by bird-wing brows that meet over a long thin nose, deep set eyes with crescent-shaped pouches beneath, a small pursed mouth beneath a small moustache, and small ears. He has a full, silky beard and a thick mane of hair, the strands of which are painted in fine parallel lines. He wears a black hymation with an ornamental gold stripe over a red chiton with gold drapery folds. His head, halo and shoulders are outlined in gold. A light green polia and inscriptions are hidden by a silver oklad with a stamped rinceau of foliate scrolls, a beaded edge, and a chased ground with the inscription "Pantocrator." A much older green and blue enamelled vinets with dense filigree reserves bearing the inscriptions O O N covers Christ's halo.

Object name:
Christ of the Wrathul Eye
Made from:
Tempera on wood with gilding -- silver gilt -- and enamels
Made in:
Date made:
overall __13.62 IN __11.00 IN
overall __34.61 CM __27.94 CM

Detailed information for this item

Catalog number:
Signature marks:
INSCRIPTION __ICON: [recto] "IS KHS" (on upper polia); "VSEDERZHITEL'" (on lower kovcheg); [verso] "1353 N 2" (in pencil); on one square label "34g."(in purple ink crossed out), "N 3174" crossed out in black ink); "c,19546 ivn. od N 13" (in black ink), "75 r (in purple ink crossed out) OKLAD: same inscriptions as on recto of icon
Credit line:
Gift of Madame Augusto Rosso, 1968
Featured in publication:
"Tradition in Transition: Russian Icons in the Age of the Romanovs ","Russian Icons at Hillwood","Russia in a Box: Art and Identity in an Age of Revolution"