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COLLAR OF THE ORDER OF SAINT ANDREW FIRST CALLED

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COLLAR OF THE ORDER OF SAINT ANDREW FIRST CALLED

Made by: Julius Keibel

On view in: Russian Porcelain Room


About this object

Peter the Great established the Order of St. Andrew First Called in 1698 to be awarded to members of the imperial family, to foreign royalty, and to especially important servants of the state. This order is the only one that has a chain in addition to the sash. Worn on special ceremonial occasions, the chain is made up of repeated medallions with the badge of the order, showing St. Andrew martyred on an X-shaped cross at the bottom. Other medallions include the crossed letters P of Peter the Great on blue with banners and flags; a round medallion with the cross of St. Andrew and the Roman letters S.A.P.R., standing for Sanctus Andreas Patronus Russiae; and a third medallion of the double-headed eagle holding the orb and scepter with a small painted round plaque of St. George, the patron saint of Moscow.

This chain is composed of 17 repeated medallions with the badge of the order, showing St. Andrew martyred on an X-shaped cross, at the bottom. For Faith and Loyalty, the motto of the order, is inscribed on the back in Cyrillic. Other medallions include four shields with crossed letters P of Peter I on blue surrounded by banners and flags, six in the shape of a the cross of St. Andrew and the Roman letters S.A.P.R. (for Sanctus Andreas Patronus Russiae), and seven of them in the shape of a double-headed eagle holding the orb and scepter. The image of St. George, the patron saint of Moscow, appears on a round plaque in the center of the eagle.

Category:
goldwork
Object name:
COLLAR OF THE ORDER OF SAINT ANDREW FIRST CALLED
Made from:
Gold -- enamel
Made in:
RUSSIA: St. Petersburg
Date made:
1862-1899
Size:
101.6 cm (40 in.)

Detailed information for this item

Catalog number:
18.1
Class:
ORDER
Signature marks:
MARK; INSCRIPTION; STAMP; COAT O crossed anchors and scepter for St. Petersburg, 56, Keibel in script, double headed eagle for imperial warrant on all links except these with cross, these are marked with AK for Albert Keibel and warrant, chain link attached to crown of badge also has AK. IK on badge on back of cross for Julius Keibe; Za veru i vernost (For Faith and Loyalty); Keibel; Moscow; two P's for Peter; S.A.P.R. (Sanctus Andreas Patronus Russiae) coat of arms: Russian
Credit line:
Bequest of Marjorie Merriweather Post, 1973
Featured in publication:
"A Taste for Splendor: Russian Imperial and European Treasures from the Hillwood Museum","Russian Enamels: Kievan Rus to Fabergé"